Hebrews 13:20

“Eternal Covenant”


  1. Individuals
  2. Families
  3. Nations

1.     Material Blessing (land, great nation, personal blessings)

2.     Spiritual Blessings (Jewish race, Messiah)

3.     Salvation Blessings (by grace through  faith)  Gen. 15:6

4.     Children Blessings (Abrahamic descendants)






                                                Belief in the Messiah to come                             Belief in the Messiah who has come



                                    SIGN:  Circumcision                                                               SIGN:  Water Baptism

                                    (Gen. 17:14 cf. Ex. 4:19-28)                                                   (Col. 2:11-12)                                                                                    












Law—Old Covenant

Physical Israel



             Job    Noah                                                                           Gal. 3:16        Acts 2:38-39 

            In the Old Covenant, a male child was circumcised as a sign of the covenant.  Every child was born under the covenant, and was placed in the covenant spiritually when he or she was circumcised in heart by believing in Jehovah God and the promise of the coming Messiah.  A Jewish child was under the covenant by birth with external privileges, but had to believe in the God of the covenant for him or her to receive the internal spiritual blessings of the covenant.


            In the New Covenant, every child born into a Christian family is under the covenant.  Yet, every child must believe in God the Father and the Messiah who has come, Jesus Christ, the Lord and Savior.  When the child believes he or she is then placed in the covenant.  Birth gives the Christian child the external privileges of the covenant, but faith gives him or her full internal spiritual blessings of the covenant—all the advantages of salvation.  NOTE:  Christians will disagree as to when this sign is to be placed on the child—as an infant or as a believing adult.