Dr. Jack L. Arnold Equipping Pastors International Theology Proper
NAMES OF GOD
I. PRIMARY NAME
A. “Jehovah.” Self-existent one (Ex. 3:14: “I am who I am.”).
B. Jehovah is a name of relationship between the true God and His covenant people and, when used, emphasizes God’s holiness, hatred of sin, and love of sinners.
C. Jehovah is the NAME which distinguishes Jehovah from all false gods.
D. Stated in English Bibles as “LORD” because Jews were forbidden to speak the name YHWH.
II. OTHER NAMES
A. Eloheim. Strong One. Is a plural of majesty and may refer to the Trinity. Used of the true God and false gods.
B. Adonas. Lord. Indicates a master-servant relationship. Used of the true God and false gods.
III. COMPOUND NAMES
A. El Elyon. Most High or Strongest Strong One (Isa. 14:13-14).
B. El Roi. Strong One Who Sees (Gen. 16:13).
C. El Shaddai. Almighty God (Gen. 17:1-20).
D. El Olam. Everlasting God (Isa. 40:48).
E. Jehovah Jireh. The Lord Will Provide (Gen. 22:13-14).
F. Jehovah Shalom. The Lord is Peace (Judg. 6:24).
G. Jehovah Nissi. The Lord My Banner (Ex. 17:15).
H. Jehovah Sabbaoth. The Lord of Hosts (1 Sam. 1:3).
I. Jehovah Maccaddeshcem. The Lord Thy Sanctuary (Ex. 31:13).
J. Jehovah Raah. The Lord Is My Shepherd (Psa. 23:1).
K. Jehovah Tsidkenu. The Lord Our Righteousness (Jer. 23:6).
L. Jehovah El Gmolah. The Lord God of Recompense (Jer. 51:56).
M. Jehovah Nakeh. The Lord That Smites (Ezek. 7:9).
N. Jehovah Shammah. The Lord Who is Present (Exek. 48:35).